Lebenswecker (From the Collection #1)

The Story

Carl Baunscheidt (1809-1873), a German mechanic and inventor, first produced the lebenswecker in 1848. Translated most directly as “life awakener”, the lebenswecker is comprised of six parts (a wooden cap, head cover, shaft, and plunger, and a metal needle head and spring), and is used to pierce the skin without drawing blood. Baunscheidt also sold a proprietary oil for application to the punctured area, irritating the skin and raising a blister. He argued that by creating additional pores in the skin toxic substances were more quickly exuded and that the irritation distracted the body’s attention away from the instigating health issue (a contemporary medical theory known as counter-irritation). According to Baunscheidt, he had discovered this method after experiencing improvement in his rheumatic hands after being bitten by mosquitoes. The lebenswecker was purported to improve baldness, toothache, and rheumatism, among other ailments.

By 1854 Baunscheidt’s invention had brought him fame and wealth, as well as a string of imitators who aimed to profit from the lebenswecker’s popularity. Initially an approved distributor of Baunscheidt products in Cleveland, Ohio, by 1866 John Linden was making and selling his own lebenswecker model called the “resucitator.” The artefact shown here is one of Linden’s products.

Baunscheidt’s company produced the lebenswecker until 1944, when its facilities were damaged during the War.

The Specs

ACCESSION # (Web Link):1930.5.1 a-d
Object Name:Baunscheidt’s Lebenswecker (scarifier)
Manufacturer (Country):Unknown (Canada)
Date Made:Circa 1870-1899
MESH Code:Irritants

About “From the Collection”

“From the Collection” was a project originally published in 2010 to the Museum of Health Care’s website by former Curator Paul Robertson, with the goal being to highlight some the Museum’s most unique items that might be missed in our collection. Each artifact is presented as a bite-sized story, related information, and a link to it’s fully detailed entry on our free online digital catalogue!

Posts in the “From the Collection” series were originally created with support from Funded by the Ontario Museums and Technology Fund. The support of the Government of Ontario, through the Ministry of Tourism and Culture, is acknowledged.

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